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CNC Lathe Processing 101 – Types, Applications

What is CNC Lathe Processing?

CNC, which stands for “Computer Numerical Control” and controls machine movements through the use of computer memory as well as input and output signals;

and CNC turning processing, which is a technology that controls lathe processing through the use of computer numerical values.

In order to accomplish accurate and large-scale lathe processing and to eliminate the need for human skill, the CNC lathe processing controller is utilized as the means of communication between the computer and the lathe host.

What are CNC Lathe Processing Types?

CNC lathe machines are capable of performing a variety of difficult procedures thanks to the great degree of flexibility and programmability that they provide. These processes include:


A cutting tool is set up on a slide that can move. The cutting tool is forced against the workpiece while it rotates in order to cut it.

The slide may travel in any direction along the workpiece, including up and down, away from the center line, and closer to it.

Turning procedures are typically called for if significant quantities of material need to be removed from the workpiece in a short amount of time.


A single-point tool removes a thin layer of material via facing. The ends of the workpiece are given a flat and smooth appearance as a result of this operation.

Thread Cutting

In this process, the tool moves along the outside of a piece of work to make threads on the outside.

It is possible to trim these threads to any desired length or pitch.


As the tool moves along the piece of work, it gradually cuts a groove in it that is the same width as the tool. It may be necessary to make many passes in order to obtain a groove that is wider or to incorporate other geometries.


This is the process of making holes in a piece of work with a drill.


Boring is a process that is frequently used after drilling to either enlarge the hole or attain more exact measurements.

Boring is typically done after drilling. Tapers, steps, and contours are all examples of the kinds of characteristics that may be realized with its help.


Also used after drilling, reaming takes out a specific amount of material to get a better diameter and a smoother finish inside the hole.


This cuts a thread into the hole so that a screw can be screwed into it.


The workpiece is formed into a conical shape.


After machining, this is the process that separates the workpiece.


This is where a hole is made at the edge of the piece.


This process gets rid of sharp edges and makes bevels at the ends of the piece to make it look better.

Different Types of Lathe Processing Equipment

Mechanical Lathe

It is a machine tool that may be used for a variety of purposes and is the predecessor of the high-speed lathe used today.

It is capable of performing all of the lathe’s duties. The price of the finished workpiece may be kept very low as long as the operator is experienced in the technology, and the workpiece can be done with a low level of accuracy.

Automatic Lathe

Not only do the automatic sequence control, feeder, and discharge mechanism have a very high processing efficiency, but they also have the ability to run without any human intervention for an extended period of time, making them suited for use with small components.

Vertical Lathe

Because the head of the lathe is positioned in a vertical position, it is easy to load and unload the workpiece.

Additionally, the difficulty of chip buildup and deformation is significantly decreased. In more recent times, an inverted lathe that is highly automated in its operation has even been constructed.

The Bench Lathe

Processing tiny items, such as measuring tools, instruments, and timepieces, is best accomplished using lathe processing equipment that is portable enough to be operated on a tabletop.

Toolroom Lathe 

Its basic design is identical to that of standard lathes, with the addition of a center frame, tool holder, collet, and taper attachments for making precise tools, mold components, and gauges.

Recommended: Types Of CNC Machines, Everything You Need To Know

CNC Lathe Processing Applications

CNC lathe machining methods are employed because of their exact machining and enhanced speed capabilities.

These processes are used to offer precision machined components to OEM customers and system integrators for a wide variety of end-market applications, including those in the healthcare, automotive, aerospace, and electronics industries.

Precision components produced by CNC Lathe processing

The purpose of CNC lathe processing is to perform fundamental component processing. Communication fasteners, computer fasteners, home appliance fasteners, electrical fasteners, building materials joints, mobile phone fasteners, mobile phones, laptop computers, different plastic shells, micro motors, computers, electrical appliances, electronics, toys, watches, lights, locomotives are the primary applications for the processed goods.

CNC products manufactured by YIJIN Hardware through CNC Lathe


Processing workpieces having spinning surfaces, such as shafts, discs, sleeves, and other workpieces is the primary use of CNC lathe processing.

In factories that make different types of machinery, this method of processing with machine tools is the one that is employed the most.

Precision components are as small as surgical instruments and gears and as large as aviation engine components and automotive chassis may all be machined using CNC lathe machining processes.


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