What Are the Different Types of CNC Machine Processing Technology?

Computer Numerical Control machining as well as CNC milling machines, have been the crucial pillars since the Industry 3.0 expansion.

As time passes, CNC machine basic knowledge is also expanding and promoted among the common public.

CNC technology delivers the prospect of planting procedures meeting astronomical production figures. 

Due to the extensive advantages of CNC technology, its applications can be seen in most of the manufacturing industry regardless of scale.

Learn more: Small Batch of CNC Machining

CNC machining processes mainly include CNC drilling, CNC turning and CNC milling. All these processes differ from each other and have their own uses as well as applications.

Factories are constantly in search of novel CNC technologies that can be employed to increase the pace of production while reducing costs.

At the end of this write-up, you will have a complete understanding of the CNC machining process, CNC turning, as well as its applications on the basis of different factors.

CNC Milling parts manufactured by YIJIN Hardware

What Is CNC Machining?

A manufacturing procedure in which already programmed computer software guides the direction of manufacturer equipment and machinery is called CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining.

The procedure can be employed to regulate a span of complex machinery.

Three-dimensional cutting work can be handily achieved with the utilization of CNC machining in one set of prompts.

Computer Numerical Control machines (CNC machines) enhance the various production procedures.

Such machine devices get all the work done manually. For example, shaping and processing materials.

CNC Machining Processes

CNC is actually a developing process where computer software that is already programmed commands the factory machinery and tools’ movement.

Following are the common CNC machining processes.

  • CNC turning process
  • CNC milling process
  • CNC drilling process
  • CNC Grinding Process
  • CNC Sawing Process
  • CNC Finishing Process

CNC Turning Process

It is a process in which the rotating cutting equipment cuts the material. CNC turning is also called subtraction machining because, in this process, you get the desired shape through material removal

Steps Of CNC Turning

This process has four main steps.

Step 1

Adding and loading the basic material in the machine.

Step 2

Cutting the material according to the required design and pre-set data.

Step 3

Cut-out parts of material move towards the post-processing like assembly and welding, left behind the CNC turning.

Step 4

Extraction of the finished product through some methods such as splitting or sawing.

Read More: Custom CNC Turned Parts Design for Kinds of Industries, Offer Free Drawing Design

8 Main Advantages Of CNC Turning

CNC turning has high demand due to the benefits it offers, such as;

  1. It produces products with high tolerances.
  2. It is also used for including exact rotational features in a product that has already b
  3. een made with the help of another method.
  4. The parts used to be machined from various materials like plastic and metal CNC turning.
  5. It provides rapid market testing and prototyping.
  6. It makes sure the quality finishes of any part.
  7. It is adaptable to a large number of materials.
  8. Its accuracy and precision rate are much higher as compared to other machining processes.
  9. It works perfectly even for the production of large volumes.

CNC turned part samples - yijin

Is CNC Turning Right For My Project?

CNC turning is a great option for your project if you have a bar stock with axial symmetry. CNC turning works greatly on parts that have large dimensions.

Thus, it will provide you the best quality and exact end products.

If your project is to make intricate components, turning is completely perfect for your project.

Recommended: Top 10 Turning Parts Manufacturers In The USA

Common CNC Turning Applications

CNC turning is widely used in molds, making toys, furniture and prototypes. It is used primarily for manufacturing highly precise metal parts, mainly for engineering plans. Furthermore, it creates cylindrical surfaces perfectly.

CNC Milling Process

CNC milling is also a CNC machining process in which a computer is used to control a machine that molds shapes into plastics, metals, and other substances.

Furthermore, CNC milling processes have a powerful resemblance with drill presses and computer-controlled routers.

Lathe processing

5 Top Advantages Of CNC Milling

The most common advantages of CNC milling are given below.

  1. It has a high rate of removing the metal.
  2. CNC milling a circular cutter.
  3. CNC milling is cost-effective as compared to other CNC machining processes.
  4. It takes less time to divide the material into pieces.
  5. It is used for a wide range of milling tasks.

Is CNC Milling Right For My Project?

If your project involves parts that are not cylindrical, round, or conical, CNC milling is best for your project. As CNC milling applications are discussed above, you should use CNC milling if your project involves any of those applications.

In some cases, both CNC milling and CNC turning can be used one after another for the manufacturing of a product.

Read More: Custom CNC Milled Parts Design for Kinds of Industries, Offer Free Drawing Design

7 Most Common CNC Milling Applications

Over the years, CNC milling applications have increased rapidly. Today there are many industries that depend on CNC milling. CNC milling applications include;

  1. Cutting gears, drilling, slotting and boring.
  2. It is used for manufacturing intricate parts.
  3. It is used for developing car components and accessories.
  4. It is also used for the production of aircraft parts.
  5. It is widely used for machining uniform surfaces.
  6. Rapid prototype models also require a CNC drilling process.
  7. CNC milling plays a key role in machining the internal and external threads.

CNC Drilling Process

A machining process in which rotating cutting equipment is used for the production of round holes in an immobile workpiece is called CNC drilling.

One of the typical types of CNC machining process is a CNC drilling machine.

It is an excellent machine process for drilling cavities in any material for nails, secondary assembly or beautiful design essentials.

5 Instant Advantages Of CNC Drilling

Like other CNC machining processes, CNC drilling also offers multiple benefits to the user, which are listed below.

  1. CNC drilling saves you money as it is a cost-effective process.
  2. The CNC machine drilling process has a high accuracy rate.
  3. The CNC drilling process is a flexible machining process that can be utilized widely.
  4. It offers high efficiency to industrialists.
  5. This process is much safer as compared to other machining processes.

Is CNC Drilling Right For My Project?

As the CNC drilling process has a higher accuracy rate than many other machining processes and makes perfect holes in any material, either plastic, wood, or any other, along with offering great versatility, you can consider it right for your project.

10 Important CNC Drilling Applications

The CNC drilling process is most common and, therefore, widely used in the following areas:

  1. Automobile manufacturing industries use CNC drilling processes.
  2. Yacht construction also involves the usage of CNC drilling.
  3. In the manufacturing of wood, CNC drilling can be used especially for making holes.
  4. CNC drilling is also used in astronautics.
  5. Engineering machinery also involves the usage of drilling machine processes.
  6. In the fabrication of metals, the CNC drilling process is used.
  7. Mold formation can also be done with this process.
  8. For the manufacturing of computer components and parts, CNC drilling is utilized.
  9. It also plays a role in carpentry and furniture making.
  10. CNC drilling is also utilized in the production of plastics.

CNC Grinding Process

This is also a CNC machine process in which an abrasive rolling wheel takes off a light quantity of material.

CNC Sawing Process

In this CNC machine process, the material is cut down into pieces with the help of a blade.

CNC Finishing Process

This process completes in two steps, which are:

Brushing and polishing

This step which is most commonly used in deburring, involves joint grinding, material removing as well, as sawing.

Polishing and brushing

In the second step, with the help of an abrasive process, a shiny and smooth surface of the part is created.

Types Of CNC Machines

There are different factors on which CNC machining has been categorized. The below list shows the CNC types.

  1. CNC routers machine
  2. CNC milling machine
  3. CNC lathes and turning machines
  4. CNC laser-cutting machines
  5. CNC drilling machines
  6. Electrical Discharge Machining
  7. Rapid Prototyping CNC machine
  8. Metal engraving CNC machine
  9. CNC plasma cutters

Read more: Types Of CNC Machines – A Complete Guide


Computer Numerical Control machining is a building procedure where already programmed computer software guides the direction of manufacturer machinery and instruments.

CNC milling machines, as well as Computer Numerical Control machining, have been the main pillars since the expansion of Industry 3.0.

Furthermore, CNC machining processes include CNC turning, CNC drilling and CNC milling. All these processes offer a wide range of advantages in various fields and various forms to people around the world.

With time these processes are also upgrading and thus providing huge applications, especially to industrialists.

However, the most expensive CNC machine we found was probably the Laser cutting machine.

CNC technology delivers the prospect of planting procedures meeting astronomical production figures.

Due to the extensive advantages that come with CNC technology, its applications can be seen in action in most of the manufacturing industry regardless of scale.

Leave a Reply

Get a quote