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Top 21 Different Types Of Metal And Their Uses | Properties

2022-05-08T00:11:08+08:00

A metal is a crystalline substance with a special gloss, malleability, and opacity. It is characterized by high strength, excellent electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and ductility, and can be made into various shapes of profiles or parts, as well as various structural parts, through casting, pressure processing, welding, and other processes. Metals exist widely in nature and are widely used in life. They are very important and the most widely used substances in modern industry.

We are exposed to different metals every day. In this article, we will explore the types, uses, and properties of metals.

Steel

Steel is the largest material group in the field of metal cutting.

Steel can be unhardened or quenched and tempered (hardness up to 400HB).

Steel is an alloy of iron (Fe) as its main constituent. It is manufactured through a smelting process.

Unalloyed steels have a carbon content of less than 0.8%, only Fe, and no other alloying elements.

The carbon content of alloy steel is less than 1.7%, and alloying elements such as Ni, Cr, Mo, V, W, etc. are added.

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Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a kind of high alloy steel that can resist corrosion.

Stainless steel is an alloy material with a minimum of 11–12% chromium.

Stainless steel usually has a very low carbon content (as low as 0.01% Max).

The alloys are mainly Ni (nickel), Mo (molybdenum), and Ti (titanium).

A dense layer of Cr2O3 is formed on the steel surface, making it corrosion-resistant.

Stainless steel is widely used in the oil and gas, pipe fittings, flanges, precision parts processing, and pharmaceutical industries. 

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Aluminum

Aluminum and its alloys are well-known and widely used metallic materials. Aluminum is a silver-white light metal with low density, corrosion resistance, and oxidation resistance. The content of aluminum in the earth’s crust is second only to oxygen and silicon, ranking third. It is the most abundant metal element in the earth’s crust and is widely used. Aluminum has good ductility and plasticity can be processed into aluminum plates, aluminum tubes, aluminum foils, etc., and is widely used in indoor and outdoor decoration.

After adding magnesium, copper, manganese, zinc, silicon, and other elements to aluminum to form an aluminum alloy, its chemical properties have changed, which can not only maintain the original lightweight of aluminum but also significantly improve its mechanical properties.

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Iron

Iron belongs to ferrous metal, heavy metal, and common metal in the classification of metals. Pure iron is a bright silver-white metal with a density of 7.86g·cm³. It has a high melting and boiling point, good conductivity, and heat transfer, and can be attracted by magnets and magnetized.

Iron is one of the most widely distributed metals on earth, and it is abundant in the earth’s crust, accounting for about 5.1% of the mass of the earth’s crust. Humans have been using iron since 5000 BC, and modern civilization has been greatly influenced by iron.

At present, iron has been widely used in electric power, machinery, transportation, and other industries, and also plays an increasingly important role in meteorological, medical, military, and other fields.

Iron will undergo a solid phase transition during heating or cooling. When the content of impurity elements in iron is very low, it is pure iron.

Pure iron not only has a certain strength, but also has high toughness and good soft magnetic properties, and its electrical conductivity increases with the increase of purity.

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Copper

Copper is an incredibly versatile metal. Pure copper is a transitional element and a soft metal. The surface is red-orange with metallic luster when it is first cut, and the element is purple-red. Copper has good corrosion resistance, excellent thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, hardness, flexibility, ductility, and unique effects after polishing. Copper is the most commonly used material in cables and electrical and electronic components, and copper can also be used as a building material as well as for making decorations.

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Titanium

Titanium is a very special metal. Titanium is very light in texture, but it is very tough and corrosion-resistant. It maintains its own color for life at room temperature. After electric current and chemical treatment, it will produce different colors. Titanium vs Stainless Steel, What is the Difference?

Titanium vs. Stainless Steel,Difference between Titanium and Stainless Steel

Magnesium

Magnesium is a silver-white light alkaline earth metal. Magnesium is widely distributed in nature and is also one of the essential elements of the human body. Magnesium is an extremely important non-ferrous metal that is lighter than aluminum and works well with other metals to form high-strength alloys. Nowadays, magnesium is the third-largest metal engineering material after steel and aluminum, and it is widely used. In the field of interior decoration, there are also many new types of magnesium decorative materials such as sanding boards and glass magnesium boards.

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Chromium

Chromium is a steel-gray metal, and the most common form of existence is as an alloying element in stainless steel to enhance its hardness of stainless steel. Chrome plating processes are generally divided into three types: decorative plating, hard chrome plating, and black chrome plating. Decorative chrome plating is usually applied as the outermost layer on top of the nickel layer, and the coating has a delicate mirror-like polishing effect. Indoors, decorative chrome plating is applied to faucets, utensils, furniture, etc.

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Brass

Copper alloys with zinc as the main additive element have a beautiful yellow color and are collectively referred to as brass.

Brass is an alloy composed of copper and zinc. Brass composed of copper and zinc is called ordinary brass. If it is a variety of alloys composed of two or more elements, it is called special brass.

A multi-component alloy composed of other alloying elements added to ordinary brass is called brass. The elements often added to brass are lead, tin, aluminum, etc., which can be called lead brass, tin brass, and aluminum brass accordingly. The purpose of adding alloying elements. Mainly to improve the tensile strength and improve the manufacturability.

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Bronze

Bronze has appeared all over the world and is a symbol of world civilization. The earliest bronzes appeared 6,000 years ago in the ancient Babylonian valley.

Copper is red and tin is silver. The proportion of copper and tin in bronzes is different, and the color of cast bronzes will also be different. Under different conditions, the color of rust spots on bronzes is not nearly the same. In addition to our common turquoise, there are also some bronzes that appear black.

 types of metal,different types of metal,types of metals and their uses,strongest type of metal

Zinc

Zinc is a silvery-white and slightly blue metal, chemical symbol Zn, atomic number 30, relative atomic mass 65, melting point 419.5 ℃, with a strong metallic luster, relative density 7.0, melting point 230 ℃, with good physical ductility, chemical stability, and corrosion resistance, widely used in modern defense, industry and other fields.

Zinc alloys are used in automobile manufacturing and the machinery industry. Zinc has suitable mechanical properties. The strength and hardness of zinc itself are not high, but after adding alloying elements such as aluminum and copper, its strength and hardness are greatly improved, just like the emergence of zinc-copper-titanium alloys, and its comprehensive mechanical properties have approached or reached aluminum alloy, brass, gray iron’s level, and its creep resistance has also been greatly improved. Therefore, the zinc-copper-titanium alloy has been widely used in hardware production.

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Lead

Lead is a gray-blue soft heavy metal, soluble in nitric acid and hydrochloric acid, with good ductility and corrosion resistance, and can easily be made into alloys with other metals with excellent performance. Metal lead and its compounds are widely used in machinery manufacturing, shipbuilding, radiation protection, and other industries.

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Tungsten

The physical characteristics of tungsten are very strong, especially the melting point is very high, which is the highest of all unalloyed metals.

Tungsten carbides have high hardness, wear resistance, and refractoriness. Aside from lighting, tungsten has so many uses. Tungsten and other alloys of molten metals (tantalum, niobium, molybdenum, rhenium) are used as thermally strong materials in aerospace and rocket technology, and in other sectors that require high thermal strength for machine parts, engines, and some instruments.

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Nickel

Nickel element symbol Ni, is a silver-white metal, atomic number 28, density 8.9g/cm3, melting point 1453 ℃, boiling point 2732 ℃.

Nickel has good mechanical strength and ductility, is refractory to high temperatures, and is not easily oxidized in the air. 

Nickel is an austenite-forming element. Adding nickel to stainless steel can promote the formation of austenite crystal structure, thereby improving the plasticity, weldability, and toughness of stainless steel. Two-thirds of the world’s nickel is used in the stainless steel industry. It is also widely used in alloy steel, electroplating, electronic batteries, and aerospace.

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Cobalt

Cobalt is a silver-gray shiny metal with ductility and ferromagnetism, as well as good high-temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and magnetic properties. It is widely used in aerospace, machinery manufacturing, electrical and electronics, chemistry, ceramics, and other industrial fields. At the same time, cobalt is also one of the important raw materials for the manufacture of superalloys, cemented carbides, ceramic pigments, catalysts, and batteries.

Tin

Tin is a low melting point metal element with silvery-white luster. Mainly in the form of dioxide (cassiterite) and various sulfides (eg sulfur cassiterite).

From the Bronze Age to today’s high-tech age, the importance and scope of the application of tin have continued to emerge and expand, and it has gradually become an indispensable key rare metal for modern industry.

Tin has a low melting point, good extensibility, easy to form alloys with many metals, and has the characteristics of non-toxicity, corrosion resistance, and beautiful appearance, so tin and its alloys are widely used in industry and people’s daily life.

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Silicon 

Silicon is a non-metallic element, gray, metallic color, and high hardness. Metal silicon is also called crystalline silicon or industrial silicon.

Silicon metal is widely used in metallurgy, chemical industry, electronics, and other industries. In the metallurgical industry, it is mainly used as an additive for non-ferrous alloys.

When silicon is added to some non-ferrous metals, it can improve the strength, hardness, and wear resistance of the base metal, and sometimes enhance the casting performance and welding performance of the base metal.

The addition of silicon to the aluminum alloy can improve the hardness, stiffness, and strength of the alloy, and increase the oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance of the aluminum alloy. The aluminum-silicon alloy has high impact resistance and good casting performance. About 70% of the total production of industrial silicon is used to formulate aluminum alloys.

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Lithium

Lithium, a silver-white metal, is very light, the lightest of all metals. Lithium is used in the metallurgical industry. Adding a small amount of lithium (5/100,000) to copper can greatly improve its performance of copper: This is because lithium has active chemical properties and can react with harmful impurities in copper such as oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur, and act as a degassing agent. Adding a small amount of lithium to aluminum, magnesium and other metals can improve their robustness and acid and alkali resistance.

types of metal,different types of metal,types of metals and their uses,strongest type of metal

Manganese

Manganese is a gray-white, hard, brittle, and shiny black metal. Manganese behaves physically like iron but is softer than iron.

Manganese is an indispensable raw material for the iron and steel industry. Manganese is a very strong reducing agent, it can absorb all the oxygen from the molten steel, so that there is no iron oxide in the steel, and it becomes a non-porous steel ingot. Secondly, manganese is also an excellent desulfurized, which can remove all sulfur in molten steel. Adding a small amount of manganese to steel can greatly improve the mechanical properties of steel, such as ductility, malleability, toughness, and wear resistance. Manganese steel, ferromanganese, various alloys of manganese and copper, aluminum, nickel, cobalt, etc., and manganese compounds are extremely useful in industry. Manganese steel, ferromanganese, various alloys of manganese and copper, aluminum, nickel, cobalt, etc., and manganese compounds are extremely useful in industry.

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Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is an iron-carbon alloy with a carbon content of less than 2.11%. Generally, it also contains a small amount of silicon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus. Generally, the higher the carbon content in carbon steel, the greater the hardness and the higher the strength, but the lower the plasticity. According to the carbon content, carbon steel can be divided into low carbon steel (WC ≤ 0.25%), medium carbon steel (WC0.25%-0.6%), and high carbon steel (WC>0.6%).

types of metal,different types of metal,types of metals and their uses,strongest type of metal

Alloy Steel

On the basis of carbon steel, in order to improve the performance of the steel, one or several alloying elements are specially added to the steel during smelting to improve the strength, toughness, hardenability, weldability, and other properties of the steel. Commonly added alloying elements: Si, Mn, Cr, Ni, W, Mo, Co, V, Ti, B, etc.

Alloy steel is divided into low-alloy steel (alloying element less than 5%); medium-alloying steel (alloying element is 5%-10%); high-alloying steel (alloying element is greater than 10%). Generally speaking, the higher the alloy content, the better the performance of the steel and the higher the price.

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Thank you for reading.

With this metal list, you can determine the right metal for your project.

If you want to treat the metal before using it, let a professional do the job. YIJIN Hardware can provide you with different metal processing and handling solutions.

Industry News

Top 21 Different Types Of Metal And Their Uses | Properties2022-05-08T00:11:08+08:00

CNC Lathe Main Parts | Structures | CNC Machine Tools Characteristics

2022-05-05T18:32:08+08:00

CNC lathe is the abbreviation of a digital program-controlled lathe, which combines the characteristics of a universal lathe, a precision lathe with high processing accuracy, and a special lathe with high processing efficiency.

CNC lathe is mainly used for the processing of rotating body workpiece, generally can automatically complete internal and external cylindrical surface, internal and external conical surface, complex rotary internal and external surface, cylindrical-conical thread and other contour cutting, and can carry out grooves, drilling, reaming, broaching, tapping and other processing.

The most basic components of a CNC lathe include 11 parts: spindle box, feed box, tailstock, bed, lead screw, smooth bar, slide box, wheel frame, tool rest, carriage, and control lever.

Main Parts of CNC Lathe

1. Spindle Box  

The spindle box is fixed on the upper left of the lathe. It transmits the rotary motion of the motor to the main axis and drives the workpiece to rotate together through the jig. By changing the position of the handle outside the box, the spindle can obtain a variety of different speeds of forward and reverse.

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2. Feeding Box  

The feeding box is fixed on the left front and lower side of the lathe and the rotating motion of the main shaft is transmitted to the lead screw or smooth bar through the hanging wheel.

3. Carriage Apron

The carriage apron is fixed on the front side of the saddle and reciprocates longitudinally on the guide rail of the CNC lathe together with the saddle. Through it, the rotary motion of the lead screw or the smooth rod is changed into the feeding motion of the saddle and the middle sliding plate.

4. Change Gear Plate

The change gear plate is installed on the left side of the CNC lathe. It is equipped with an exchange gear (change gear), which transmits the rotational motion of the main shaft to the feed box. Adjust the gears on the hanger frame and cooperate with the feed box to turn threads with different pitches.

5. Knife Rest

The tool rest is fixed on the small carriage for mounting the spare turning tool.

6. Carriage  

The carriage includes 4 parts: saddle, middle slide, turntable, and small slide. The saddle is mounted on the outer guide rails of the bed, and can move longitudinally along the guide rails of the CNC lathe; the middle slide plate can move laterally along the dovetail guide rails on the upper part of the saddle; the small slide plate can move longitudinally along the dovetail guide rails on the upper part of the turntable. After the turntable is rotated by an angle, the small slide plate can drive the knife to move obliquely to turn the short inner and outer conical surfaces.

7. Tailstock

The tailstock is mounted on the guide rails in the CNC lathe and can move longitudinally along the guide rails of the lathe. The tip, drill, reamer, tap, and other knives and auxiliary tools can be installed in the sleeve taper hole on the tailstock to support the workpiece, drilling, reaming, tapping, etc.

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8. Lathe Bed

The bed is the supporting element of the lathe. It is fixed on the left and right lathe legs to support the main parts of the lathe and keep them in an inexact relative position during work.

9. Screw Rod

The screw rod is one of the main precision parts on the lathe, which is mainly used for turning threads. In order to maintain the accuracy of the screw rod for a long time, the screw rod is generally not used for automatic feeding.

10. Light Lever

The light lever transmits the motion of the feeding box to the sliding box so that the saddle and the middle sliding plate are automatically fed vertically and horizontally.

11. Control Lever

The control lever is one of the main parts of the CNC lathe control mechanism. The left end of the control lever and the right side of the slide box are respectively provided with a control handle. The operator can easily and freely manipulate the handle to control the forward turn, reverse turn, or stop of the lathe spindle.

8 Characteristics of the Mechanical Structure of CNC Machine Tools

CNC Lathe,CNC Lathe Structures,CNC Machine Tools

1. Has High Static and Dynamic Stiffness and Good Shock Resistance

The stiffness of the machine tool reflects the ability of the machine tool mechanism to resist deformation. The error caused by the deformation of the machine tool is usually difficult to be completely solved by adjusting and compensating. In order to meet the requirements of high efficiency, high precision, high reliability, and automation of CNC machine tools, compared with ordinary machine tools, CNC machine tools should have higher precision and rigidity. In addition, in order to give full play to the efficiency of the machine tool and increase the amount of cutting, it is also necessary to improve the vibration resistance of the machine tool to avoid resonance and chatter during cutting. And improving the dynamic stiffness of the mechanism is the basic way to improve the shock resistance of the machine tool.

2. Has Good Thermal Stability

The thermal denaturation of the machine tool is one of the main factors affecting the machining accuracy of the machine tool.

Since the spindle speed and rapid feed of CNC machine tools are far higher than those of ordinary machine tools, and the machine tools are in a continuous working state for a long time, the heating of motors, lead screws, bearings, and guide rails are relatively serious, and the influence of chips generated by high-speed cutting, that the thermal denaturation effect of CNC machine tools is much more serious than that of ordinary machine tools. Although the advanced numerical control system has the thermal denaturation compensation function, it cannot completely eliminate the influence of thermal denaturation on machining accuracy. Necessary measures should be taken on the numerical control machine tool to reduce the thermal denaturation of the machine tool as much as possible.

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3. The Mechanical Structure of the Transmission System is Simplified

The servo feed system is used to replace the feed system of the ordinary machine tool, and the spindle can be automatically shifted through the spindle speed control system. The motor can be directly connected to the main shaft and the ball screw, and the number of gears, shaft parts, and bearings is greatly reduced; therefore, in terms of mechanical structure, the structure of the main spindle and feed gearbox of CNC machine tools is generally very simple. In operation, it is not like ordinary machine tools, which require the operator to adjust and change speed through the handle, and the operating mechanism is much simpler than that of ordinary machine tools.

4. High Transmission Efficiency and Backlash-Free Transmission

The CNC machine tool performs high-speed and high-precision machining, and while simplifying the mechanical structure, it also puts forward higher requirements for the mechanical transmission and components. Such as ball screw pair, plastic sliding guide, hydrostatic guide, linear rolling guide, and other high-efficiency executive components, not only can reduce the frictional resistance of the feeding system, and improve the transmission efficiency; but also can make the movement smooth and obtain high positioning accuracy.

5. Adopt Guide Rails with Low Friction Factor

In order to allow the machine tool pallet to move in the specified direction (parallel or perpendicular to the direction of the spindle axis) (triangular guide rail “orientation”), and to carry the cutting resistance during cutting (rectangular guide rail “bearing”).

6. The worktable realizes a variety of movement modes, which can meet various requirements of parts processing.

7. The tool magazine and automatic tool changer realize continuous processing, reduce tool change time and workpiece loading and unloading times, and improve production efficiency.

8. Auxiliary device to protect the machine tool and improve the quality of the workpiece.

Common Tools and Selection of CNC Lathes

1. Common Tools for CNC Lathes

The tools used on CNC lathes include cylindrical turning tools, drills, boring tools, cutting tools, threading tools, etc. Among them, cylindrical turning tools, boring tools, and drills are the most commonly used.

The turning tools, boring tools, cutting tools, and threading tools used in CNC lathes are divided into welding types and machine-clamping types. Except for economical CNC lathes, machine-clamping turning tools have been widely used. The blade and the blade pressing system are composed of three parts, among which the blade generally uses a carbide-coated blade.

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2. Tool Selection

In actual production, the CNC turning tool is mainly determined from the tool sample according to the tool installation size, workpiece material, processing type, processing requirements, and processing conditions of the CNC lathe rotary tool holder. The steps are rough as follows:

1) Determine workpiece material and machining type (external, hole, or thread);

2) Determine the grade and geometry of the insert according to the roughing and finishing requirements and processing conditions;

3) Choose a holder based on holder size, blade type, and size.

3. Tool Installation

After selecting the appropriate blade and knife back, first, install the blade on the shank, and then install the shank on the rotary tool holder in turn, and then check the tool installation size through the tool interference diagram and the machining stroke diagram.

4. Matters Needing Attention

In the process of tool installation, the following issues should be paid attention to:

1) Before installation, ensure that the tool holder and blade positioning surface are clean and without damage;

2) When installing the knife back on the tool holder, ensure that the direction of the tool holder is correct;

3) When installing the tool, ensure that the tool point is higher than the rotary center of the spindle.

Thank you for reading, have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us.

CNC Lathe Main Parts | Structures | CNC Machine Tools Characteristics2022-05-05T18:32:08+08:00

2022 Top 10 Fastener Manufacturers in China

2022-05-09T18:27:40+08:00

Fasteners are a type of mechanical part that is widely used as fastening connections. It is widely used in various fields of machinery, equipment, vehicles, ships, railways, bridges, buildings, structures, tools, and instruments, and is closely related to the development of the equipment manufacturing industry.

This article conducts a comprehensive selection based on the brand awareness, quality level, after-sales service, innovation ability, consumer reputation, and other indicators of imported fasteners, and releases the data of this list. This list is only for the convenience of users to find good fastener manufacturers for reference.

Fastener manufacturers in China

1. Yijin Hardware Co., Ltd

YIJIN Hardware is mainly engaged in the production and manufacture of non-standard precision hardware parts. It has been deeply involved in the industry for many years and has rich experience with nuts and bolts manufacturing. And provides OEM ODM services for various industries including aviation, electronics, furniture, military defense, health care, automotive, communication, racing cars, new energy, and infrastructure construction (such as high-speed trains and bridges). 

Shenzhen Yijin Hardware Co, Ltd mainly includes threaded fasteners, rivets and supporting tools, assembly parts, cold forming parts, stamping forming parts, casting parts, and other major series. YIJIN Hardware fastening series products are mainly non-standard types, which can meet the needs of different product assemblies and customers, and provide comprehensive fastening solutions.

2. Shanghai Jianxin Hardware Co., Ltd

Shanghai Jianxin Hardware Co., Ltd is a professional manufacturer of design, production, testing, and fasteners. In order to meet the customized procurement requirements of “large specifications, small quantity, and high requirements” for fasteners in nuclear power and other industries. The whole factory has imported Taiwan and Japan manufacturing equipment with high precision and strong mobility. As one of the leading fasteners manufacturer in china, the company has chemical laboratories, mechanical testing equipment, and various non-destructive testing equipment and personnel, which fully meet the requirements of product quality monitoring.

top 10 Fastener manufacturers in China

3. Shanghai Tianbao Fastener Co., Ltd

top 10 Fastener manufacturers in China

Shanghai Tianbao Fastener Limited Company was established in 2001. It is a large-scale china bolt enterprise specializing in the production and sales of pressure riveting fasteners, non-standard parts, and some standard parts. Since its establishment, the company has received strong support from domestic and foreign customers and has developed into a large-scale manufacturer with more than 100 imported automatic CNC equipment and more than 130 auxiliary equipment, with a monthly production capacity of 200 million to 320 million pieces.

The Shanghai factory has passed ISO9001, ISO14001, and other international quality system certifications to ensure that customers can provide high-quality bolts and nuts.

The company’s main product types: pressure riveting nuts, pressure riveting studs, pressure riveting bolts, panel fasteners, plastic inserts, welding nuts, spot welding screws, custom made screws, hand tightening screws, crown decorative nails, self-tapping screws, riveting panel fastening parts, track inserts, blind rivets, and various non-standard parts.

4. Jiaxing Qimu Trading Co., Ltd.

After nearly twenty years of struggle. The company has begun as one of the famous fastener manufacturers, bolts, and nuts suppliers in China. It is the largest production base of various fasteners in China, with an annual production capacity of about 25,000 tons. The main products of the China screw factory are divided into high-strength bolt connection series, inner hexagonal series, outer hexagonal series, nut series, washer series, and non-standard series. Standard, BS British Standard, JIS Japanese Standard, and other standard manufacturing and production. It can also be manufactured according to the professional standards specified by customers. Products are used in various industries such as railway bridges, metallurgy, petrochemicals, machinery, and electronics, building steel structures, ships and aviation, and wind power generation.

5. Shanghai Jingyang Fastener Co., Ltd

top 10 Fastener manufacturers in China

Shanghai Jingyang Fastener Co., Ltd is a private enterprise specializing in the production of fasteners. Since its establishment, it has developed into a medium-scale fastener manufacturing enterprise with an annual output of 5,000 tons of high-strength fasteners.

As one of China’s nut bolt manufacturers, the company’s current leading products include inner and outer hexagon bolts, nuts, flange bolts, nuts, stainless steel bolts, automotive fasteners, and non-standard series of fasteners. Fasteners, involving product standards: GB, ISO, DIN, ANSI, EN, and other domestic and foreign products, have been widely used in metallurgical systems, power systems, wind power industry, automotive industry, large-span steel structure workshops, railway bridges, high-rise buildings Civil structure building and boiler steel frame and other friction steel structure connection, etc.

The China nut bolt supplier has a number of cold heading multi-position forming machines, high-speed automatic precision wire rolling machines, and supporting large-scale wire rolling machines, red forging punches from 80 tons to 250 tons, equipped with medium and high-frequency equipment, and instrument lathes. Automatic instrument lathes, drilling machines, centerless grinders, lathes, and other processing equipment.

6. Dongguan Roche Industrial Co., Ltd

Dongguan Roche Industrial Co., Ltd is a professional fastener manufacturer. The company’s products are mainly construction engineering products, covering National Standard (GB), German Standard (DIN), International Standard (ISO), American Standard (ANSI/ASTM/SAE/IFI), Australian Standard (AS), British Standard (BS), Italian standard (UNI) and Japanese standard (JIS) and other standard high-quality bolts, nuts, screws and non-standard fasteners, for the high-end market.

7. Ningbo OuKaiLuo Hardware Co., Ltd

As a modern new screw manufacturer in China, OuKaiLuo has introduced foreign advanced automated manufacturing equipment, has an efficient management system, first-class testing technology, and perfect certification testing, laying the foundation for providing customers with quality and quantity products.

OuKaiLuo has devoted itself to the research and development of custom-made fastener systems and has reserved it for the fastener industry. 

8. Handan Zhongpin Fasteners Manufacturing Co., Ltd

Handan Zhongpin Fasteners Manufacturing Co., Ltd is a well-known fastener manufacturing and sales enterprise. Mainly produces nut series, bolt series, stud bolts, anchor bolts, U-bolts, tooth bars, special-shaped fasteners, China screws, etc.; the standards are: national standard, German standard, British standard, American standard, etc. can be customized according to customer needs shaped thread.

The fastener China company advocates the enterprise spirit of pragmatism and truth-seeking, hard work, and forging ahead, in line with the tenet of customer first, quality first, service first, and constantly blazing new trails.

top 10 Fastener manufacturers in China

9. Tianjin Fine Fasteners Co., Ltd

Tianjin Fine Fasteners Co., Ltd, is a professional manufacturer of high-strength fasteners and automotive bolts and nuts suppliers. The fastener China company has a strong technical force, complete production equipment, perfect testing equipment, and thoughtful sales service. It has more than 200 sets of cold heading, warm heading, and heat treatment equipment. Products are mainly used in bridges, construction, petrochemical, machinery, locomotive, wind power, photovoltaic and other industries.

10. Shanghai Prime Machinery Co., Ltd

Shanghai Prime Machinery Co., Ltd is a professional manufacturer of various nuts and bolts manufacturing, including high-strength fasteners, stainless steel fasteners, high-strength bolts, galvanized lead screws, special-shaped screws, custom bolts and nuts, and other products. The company’s products are widely used in metal products, instrumentation, mechanical equipment, electromechanical equipment, communication equipment, electronic components, electronic products, and various hardware equipment. The fastener China company has a long history of producing fasteners, a strong technical force, advanced production and testing equipment, and stable and reliable product quality.

2022 Top 10 Fastener Manufacturers in China2022-05-09T18:27:40+08:00

Introduction to The Classification of CNC Lathe Turning Tools

2022-04-29T16:53:13+08:00

CNC lathe can normal processing, in addition to machine tool hardware, system software and the most important tool is CNC cutting tool, CNC cutting tool is used for machining production of important tools, cutting tools including blades, grinding tools, tool bar, handle, etc. CNC lathe tool types are many, according to the use can be divided into outer circle turning tool, end tool, cutting tool, thread turning tool, and hole turning tool, according to the structure and divided into integral, welding type, machine clamp type, and special type.

In this article, YIJIN Hardware a CNC machining parts manufacturer will introduce the turning tools of the lathe for you according to the turning tool structure classification, turning tool material classification, turning tool process classification:

CNC machining, CNC cutting tool, CNC turning tool

1. Classification by Tool Structure

Integral Structure of Turning Tool: The main body of the tool is made of a blank without separation, and it is easy to grind into a sharp cutting edge. The tool has good rigidity and is suitable for small turning tools and processing non-ferrous metal turning tools.

Welding Type of Turning Tool Structure: It is connected by the welding method, and the tool head and the tool holder are separated. The structure is compact and the manufacturing is convenient. It is suitable for all kinds of turning tools, especially small tools that are more prominent.

Machine-Clamping Tool Structure: The blade is fixed on the tool holder with a mechanical holder, and the blade can be replaced after being blunt. It is a commonly used tool for CNC lathes, and the tool holder is reused.

A Special Type of Turning Tool Structure: such as compound tools, shock-absorbing tools, etc.

CNC machining, CNC cutting tool, CNC turning tool

2. Classification by Turning Tool Material

High-Speed Steel Tool: It is made of high-speed steel and can be continuously reground. It is a general-purpose tool for roughing and semi-finishing.

Cemented Carbide Tool: Cemented carbide cutting tool: The blade is made of cemented carbide, used for cutting cast iron, non-ferrous metal, plastic, chemical fiber, graphite, glass, stone, and ordinary steel, also can be used to cut heat-resistant steel, stainless steel, high strength steel, tool steel, and other difficult materials.

Diamond: The blade is inlaid with diamond, which has the advantages of extremely high hardness and wear resistance, low friction coefficient, high elastic modulus, high thermal conductivity, low thermal expansion coefficient, and low affinity with non-ferrous metals.Which can be used for non-metallic brittle hard materials such as graphite, high wear-resistant materials, materials, high silicon aluminum alloy, and other ductile non-ferrous metal materials precision processing.

Other Materials: such as cubic boron nitride tools, ceramic tools, etc., are developing in the direction of rough machining and interrupted cutting of high-hardness alloy cast iron.

3. Classification by Turning Tool Process

External Turning Tool: 93-degree external turning tool is mainly used for processing external circles and end faces, and the 35-degree offset tool is mainly used for external contour profiling.

Inner Hole Turning Tool: 93-degree inner hole turning tool is mainly used for internal machining.

Thread Turning Tools: Thread turning tools mainly include external thread turning tools and internal thread turning tools. Among them, external thread turning tools are mainly used for external thread processing, and internal thread turning tools are mainly used for internal thread processing.

Grooving Tool: External grooving turning tool is mainly used for external grooving and cutting, and the internal grooving turning tool is mainly used for internal groove processing.

CNC machining, CNC cutting tool, CNC turning tool

4. Common Tools and Selection of CNC Lathes

Common Tools for CNC Lathes

The tools used on CNC lathes include cylindrical turning tools, drills, boring tools, cutting tools, threading tools, etc. Among them, cylindrical turning tools, boring tools, and drills are the most commonly used.

Tool Selection

  1. In actual production, the CNC turning tool is mainly determined from the tool sample according to the tool installation size, workpiece material, processing type, processing requirements, and processing conditions of the CNC lathe rotary tool holder. The steps are rough as follows:
  2. Determine workpiece material and machining type (excircle, hole, or thread);
  3. Determine the grade and geometry of the insert according to the roughing and finishing requirements and processing conditions;
  4. Choose a holder based on holder size, blade type, and size.

Tool Installation

After selecting the appropriate blade and shank, first, install the blade on the shank, then install the shank on the rotary tool holder in turn, and then check the tool installation size through the tool interference diagram and the machining stroke diagram. 

5. Matters Needing Attention

The following problems should be paid attention to during tool installation:

  1. Before installation, ensure that the arbor and the positioning surface of the blade are clean and free from damage;
  2. When installing the tool holder on the tool holder, make sure that the direction of the tool holder is correct;
  3. When installing the tool, make sure that the tool tip is higher than the rotation center of the spindle.

Introduction to The Classification of CNC Lathe Turning Tools2022-04-29T16:53:13+08:00

What Is the Difference Between Screws and Bolts?

2022-04-27T17:31:59+08:00

With the rapid development of modern science and technology in our country, people’s daily life is almost inseparable from all kinds of fasteners. When consumers buy screws or bolts or even nuts, they often confuse the fasteners to be purchased because of a lack of understanding of screws, bolts, and nuts. Today, YIJIN Hardware will tell you the difference between screws and bolts.

What Is the Difference Between Screws and Bolts?

In fact, in the fastener industry, there is no strict distinction between screws and bolts. But the small ones are mostly called screws. Such as self-tapping screws, set screws, wood screws, etc.; Larger screws are called bolts, such as hexagonal bolts, expansion bolts, carriage bolts, joint bolts, square head bolts, etc. What’s the difference between screws and bolts?

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  1. A bolt is a type of fastener composed of a head and a screw. It needs a nut to be used in conjunction with it. Only a light hole is required on the connector. It is generally used when the thickness of the two parts is similar at the connection. As for the shape of the head, the head of the general bolt is flat, and the head of the screw has various forms according to the application.
  2. Screws are also a type of fasteners consisting of a head and a screw. They can be divided into three categories according to their uses: machine screws, set screws, and special-purpose screws. The connection of screws requires tapping on the connected parts to form threaded holes, which are generally used for the connection between thinner and thicker parts. Screws and bolts are functionally connected and fasteners. Fasteners,screw,rivet,nuts and bolts,bolts,self tapping screwsStructurally, bolts have various styles of “heads”; The stud has no “head”; the screw also has a variety of “heads”, but the “head” structure is different. The “head” of the screw generally has fastening grooves, hexagon sockets, etc., which can be tightened by hand. The screw will be knurled on the “head”. This makes the size of the screw smaller. Application: bolts are generally used in pairs with nuts for through holes, which can be easily replaced after damage; studs are also generally used in conjunction with nuts, mostly for blind holes, and the connected parts need to be disassembled frequently; screws are also mostly used for blind holes when the connector is removed.outer hexagonal bolts, socket head cap screw, inner hexagon screws,hex screw,hex cap screws
  3. In addition, the tightening tools are also different. Bolts generally use wrench-type tools, while screws generally use screwdriver-type tools; There are differences in the fastening methods. The bolts are generally used in conjunction with nuts or screwed into the processed bolt holes. In addition to these two methods, there are also self-tapping screws, which are directly screwed into the workpiece with relatively soft material without machining the bolt holes. For example, what we call wood screws is this kind of screw; The appearance is different. The head of the bolt generally adapts to the shape of the tool, such as hexagon bolts and hexagon socket head bolts, whose heads are exposed outside the workpiece. , and the head of the screw is generally flush with the surface of the workpiece, those screws that are not self-tapping should also machine a slope on the surface of the workpiece, just so that the screw head is flush with the surface of the workpiece.

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Conclusion

In our life, we will see all kinds of bolts and screws, as well as the cooperation of nuts. When we use these standard parts, we must distinguish whether these fasteners are national standards or non-national standards, and these fasteners. The specifications are used so that we can clearly distinguish the size and purpose of bolts and screws when using these fasteners so that we can better understand and use these bolts and screws in the future.

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The Role of Gasket

On the one hand, the gasket plays the role of dispersing the load to prevent the bolt from falling into the connected parts when tightening; on the other hand, the gasket can play a role in preventing loosening.

Especially when the connection surface is not very smooth, it is easy to loosen without a gasket. In addition, if the connection surface is crushed, it cannot be installed again later. The gasket should be hard enough. Especially for high-strength bolts (grade 8 and above), hardened spacers must be used.

Thank you for reading, have any questions about fasteners, or CNC machining parts, send your request and get the most favorable quote.

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What Is the Difference Between Screws and Bolts?2022-04-27T17:31:59+08:00

6061 VS 7075 Aluminum, Which One Is Better?

2022-04-27T10:42:43+08:00

When it comes to structural metal fabrication, perhaps there is only one metal that gets as much attention as steel, and that is aluminum. Aluminum is about one-third the weight of steel, and it also has excellent mechanical properties.

However, not all aluminum has the same properties, so understanding the differences between different aluminum is critical for material selection.

The two most popular aluminum for structural applications is 6061 and 7075. While aluminum 6061 and aluminum 7075 are similar in some ways, there are also significant differences. Today we will talk about the difference between 6061 and 7075 aluminum alloys.

7075 Aluminum

7075 aluminum alloy is an aluminum alloy with zinc as the main alloying element. 7075 aluminum is the lightest and strongest aluminum, and it’s super expensive! 7075 aluminum alloy is as strong as steel and has good fatigue strength and average machinability.

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7075 aluminum plate is a cold-treated forged alloy with high strength, far superior to mild steel. Aluminum 7075 is also a 7000 series aluminum material. The composition is the same as that of aluminum 7005, but the content is much higher. The hardness is much higher than that of aluminum 6061 and aluminum 7005, which exceeds the hardness of steel. However, due to the high alloy composition of 7075 aluminum, the hardness is extremely high. Therefore, welding and pressing are very difficult. The price is also much higher than 6061 aluminum and 7005 aluminum.

6061 Aluminum

6061 aluminum alloy is a precipitation hardening aluminum alloy containing magnesium and silicon as its main alloying elements.

Typical properties of 6061 aluminum alloy include medium to high strength, shell toughness, good surface finish during processing, excellent atmospheric corrosion resistance, good seawater corrosion resistance, easy anodization, good weldability, and brazability, good workability. 6061 aluminum alloy is the most widely used one in 5-axis precision machining in CNC machining workshops. 6061 aluminum alloy is widely used in various industrial structural parts that require certain strength and high corrosion resistance.

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What Are the Differences Between 6061 and 7075 Aluminum Alloys

1. Different Components

The aluminum 7075 series mainly uses zinc as the main alloy, and the composition ratio reaches 6%. The aluminum 6061 series mainly use magnesium and silicon as the main alloy, and the total composition ratio is low. 7075 aluminum contains a high proportion of other metals, so the welding process is more difficult. However, 6061 aluminum contains a low proportion of other metals, which can be processed to increase its strength and reduce its wind resistance.

Chemical Composition, W%. Aluminum Content, Allowance

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7075 aluminum,6061 aluminum,7075 aluminium alloy,6061 aluminium alloy,6061 aluminium alloy properties

2. Different Mechanical Property

Both 6061 aluminum and 7075 aluminum can be heat treated, so their mechanical properties can only be accurately compared with the same type of heat treatment. When looking at the two alloys in the T6 heat-treated condition, some clear differences can be seen.

The first is that the tensile strength of aluminum 7075-T6 is almost twice that of aluminum 6061-T6.

The second is that the shear strength of aluminum 7075-T6 is about 1.5 times that of 6061-T6.

7075 aluminum contains a high proportion of other metals, so welding and processing are more difficult, and its proportion is higher, so it is generally not used as a frame material. Aluminum 6061 has a low proportion of other metals, so it can be shaped and treated to increase its strength and reduce its wind resistance. It can even be pumped three times to reduce its weight. On the whole, aluminum 6061 is a better material.

3. Different Intensity

In terms of strength, aluminum 7075 is stronger, no less than steel, but aluminum 7075 is only a little stronger than aluminum 6061.

4. Different Prices

7075 aluminum is the lightest and strongest aluminum material, and it is also super expensive, while 6061 aluminum is the most common aluminum material, light, strong, and economical.

5. Different Machining Performance

  • In terms of machinability, both can be milled well on CNC machines.
  • 6061 aluminum can be welded, 7075 aluminum is difficult to weld.
  • 6061 aluminum can be easily oxidized and colored, and the oxidation effect of 7075 aluminum is unstable.
  • When the two are untreated, the corrosion resistance of 6061 aluminum is better.
  • 6061t6 and 7075t6 materials have higher hardness and cannot be bent.

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6. Difference in Use

7075 aluminum is widely used in aviation manufacturing and has relatively high strength; 6061 aluminum is mostly used in automobiles, ships, precision parts, etc., with the advantages of corrosion resistance, moderate strength, and good toughness.

Because of the price, 6061 aluminum can be used in all kinds of places where aluminum alloy materials are not required, while aluminum 7075 and 7005 are usually used in aerospace, with high hardness requirements and low-density requirements for commercial purposes Therefore, aluminum 7075 is usually also a commercial aluminum alloy.

7075 aluminum is used more in molds and industrial tools than 6061 aluminum.

Because 6061 aluminum is easier to form than 7075 aluminum, 6061 aluminum is more commonly used for cans and other items with a round profile shape.

Conclusion

7075 aluminum material is indeed superior to 6061 aluminum material in most cases. But we can’t simply conclude that 7075 aluminum is necessarily better. Still, you first need to clarify your purpose and budget.

Generally speaking, 6061 aluminum can basically meet the general industrial manufacturing requirements. And 7075 aluminum is used in demanding occasions, such as aerospace, military supplies, precision equipment, high-end electronic equipment, high-end products, etc.

7075 aluminum,6061 aluminum,7075 aluminium alloy,6061 aluminium alloy,6061 aluminium alloy properties

Expand Knowledge

What is the Difference Between Zinc Alloy and Aluminum Alloy

Different Raw Materials

Zinc alloy is an alloy based on zinc with other elements added. The alloying elements that are often added are low-temperature zinc alloys such as aluminum, copper, magnesium, cadmium, lead, and titanium.

Zinc alloys are produced by the melt method and are used as materials in die casting and stamping. Aluminum alloy is a general term for aluminum-based alloys. The main alloying elements are copper, silicon, magnesium, zinc, and manganese, and the secondary alloying elements are nickel, iron, titanium, chromium, and lithium.

Different Scope of Application

Zinc alloys can be divided into cast zinc alloys and deformed zinc alloys according to the manufacturing process. They can be used for die-casting instruments, galvanized anti-corrosion on the surface of electric poles of automobile parts, and the improvement of high-temperature corrosion resistance caused by galvanized treatment of boiler water wall piping. Wait. Aluminum alloy is the most widely used non-ferrous metal structural material in the industry and is widely used in aviation, aerospace, automobile machinery manufacturing, shipbuilding, chemical industry, etc.

The different temperatures of the molten soup during processing

The zinc alloy is more than 400 degrees; the aluminum alloy is more than 700 degrees.

Different processing equipment

Although both are called die casting machines, they are not universal at all.

Thank you for reading. 

6061 VS 7075 Aluminum, Which One Is Better?2022-04-27T10:42:43+08:00

What is Precision Machining? How to Do Precision Metal Processing?

2022-04-25T11:21:06+08:00

What is Precision Machining?

Now the factory involves precision machining, which is all index-controlled processing, such as CNC milling machines, machining centers, CNC grinding machines, CNC drilling machines, CNC EDM machines, CNC punching machines, CNC bending machines, wire cutting, and so on.

What is Precision Parts Machining?

Precision parts processing is actually a type of mechanical processing, but because of the high precision of processing parts, the requirements for production machinery and processes are also relatively high. With the development of industrialization, there are more and more classifications of precision machining, the direction is getting more and more refined, and precision machining and manufacturing are becoming more and more specialized.

 Precision Machining, Precision Parts Machininrecision Metal Processing

The machining process of precision parts is very strict, and the in-feed and out-feed are closely linked. By grasping the precise precision of the size, the loss of materials can be reduced to reduce the cost. For example, 1mm plus or minus how many microns, etc., if the size is wrong, it will become waste, and the parts will not be able to be used.

Any piece of machinery and equipment is composed of many different small parts, each of which plays a vital role. The parts need to be assembled, so the precision mechanical parts processing manufacturers will reprocess according to such needs. After processing various parts, we can get more suitable parts for ourselves, so in order to make these products better for ourselves.  Therefore, the important link of precision machining cannot be missing.

Precision Machining, Precision Parts Machining, Precision Metal Processing

Precision casting hardware design zinc-aluminum alloy automobile motorcycle parts die casting parts processing custom

In the processing route of precision machined components, a heat treatment process is often arranged. The location of the heat treatment process is arranged as follows: in order to improve the machining performance of the metal, such as annealing, normalizing, quenching, tempering, etc., it is generally arranged before the machining of mechanical parts.

In order to ensure the machining accuracy of precision parts, it is best to process rough and fine mechanical parts separately. Because when rough mechanical parts are processed, the cutting amount is large, the cutting force and clamping force on the workpiece are large, the heat generation is large, and the machined surface of the mechanical parts has a significant phenomenon of work hardening, and there is large internal stress inside the workpiece. If The machining of rough and rough mechanical parts is carried out continuously, the precision of the parts after finishing will be quickly lost due to the redistribution of stress.

How Can Precision Machining Improve the Quality of Workpieces and How Can Precision Metal Processing be Done Well?

In order to improve the quality of workpieces in precision machining, we must first understand: the errors of precision machining and the main factors that easily cause workpiece deformation in precision machining, and also understand the three principles for improving the accuracy of precision machining.

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1. Improve the Cutting Level

In precision machining, when the workpiece is being cut, the surface of the workpiece will form an imprint almost the same as the shape of the tool and leave a large number of scales, which will easily increase the roughness of the workpiece surface and reduce the quality of the workpiece surface;

Generally speaking, in this case, the tip arc radius of the tool should be appropriately increased during cutting, and the tool feed should be appropriately reduced to reduce the height of the residual area of the tool on the workpiece as much as possible to ensure the roughness of the workpiece surface. It can effectively reduce the built-up edge and scale on the surface of the workpiece, thereby improving the quality of the workpiece surface and prolonging the service life of the workpiece.

2. Improve Cutting Speed

When the workpiece is cut, if the cutting speed is high, the plastic deformation of the workpiece surface during the cutting process can be greatly reduced. The higher the cutting speed, the smaller the degree of plastic deformation, which can effectively reduce the roughness of the workpiece surface. If the cutting speed is not enough, the workpiece will produce a chip tumor in the cutting process, affecting the surface quality of the workpiece.

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3. Improve the Accuracy of Precision Machining Equipment

The precision machining of the workpiece is mainly completed by the machine tool. The error of the machine tool itself will directly affect the accuracy of the workpiece. This requires the high precision of the machine tool itself to effectively reduce the error generated during the machining process.

The error between the tool and the fixture will also affect the accuracy of the workpiece, and corresponding measures can be taken to reduce the wear of the tool. In this way, the precision of the workpiece can be improved and the quality of the workpiece can be improved.

The quality of the workpiece is the key to the development of an enterprise. Therefore, it is imperative for every precision machining factory to improve the quality of precision machining workpieces.

How to Do Precision Metal Processing?

1. Accurate Design Drawings are Required

Precision hardware processing is to process some small diameter hardware parts, so the design drawings of this product are accurate, and parts and components are a mile away from a miss. If the drawings are inaccurate, the parts produced may be unusable, thereby increasing production costs.

2. Materials for Precision Metal Processing

Because the products processed in this way are generally used in places where the quality of materials is relatively high, such as auto parts, watches, and clocks. Therefore, the quality requirements for the processed hardware products are also very high, and the first-class materials are generally used.

3. Cost Budget

In many cases, the products processed in this way are relatively low-priced. Therefore, we should also take into account the cost when budgeting, improving production technology, and improving production efficiency. 

Thank you for reading. Contact us here.

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What is Precision Machining? How to Do Precision Metal Processing?2022-04-25T11:21:06+08:00

High-Strength Carriage Bolts – What You Need to Know

2022-04-21T18:32:27+08:00

High-Strength Carriage Bolts are An Important Part of Machinery

The high-strength carriage bolt is an improvement on the basis of the original carriage bolt. The cleverness of this carriage bolt lies in its “high strength”, because the current machinery generally does not stop, which is related to the service life of the machinery. 

 carriage bolts,high-strength carriage bolts and nuts,high-strength carriage bolts,square neck bolts,galvanized carriage boltsGenerally, in machinery, bolts are used to connect objects in two types of machinery, usually through the light holes left on the original machinery. Of course, this bolt needs to be used in conjunction with a nut. A single bolt is not enough. connection effect.

The combination of bolts and nuts can be seen everywhere in a machine, and it is a fixed match. High-strength carriage bolts are a kind of part of the machine, and they are also a very important part. Without this high-strength carriage bolt and nut to connect the objects in the two machines, they are just separate individuals and will not be weighed. It is the word “mechanical”.

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In the current situation of machinery everywhere, without high-strength carriage bolts, machinery would not exist.

We have now gotten rid of the agricultural era and have entered an era full of machinery. Now we can see the existence of some machinery around us, whether it is large or small, they are all made of iron, copper, and other basic elements composition. However, it can be said that each of these machines is composed of countless bolts and screws. Without the combination of these two parts, there would not be so many products we see now. Of course, some products may appear, but the time of appearance maybe later, or even some will not appear.

High-Strength Carriage Bolts Make Machinery Do More with Less

The appearance of the steam engine brought people closer to the future. People began to use machinery to carry out various productions, liberating their own handicrafts, so they began to have their own spare time so that they could do some other things. So after high-strength carriage bolts, what changes will it bring to society or to machinery?

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High-strength carriage bolts increase the toughness of the bolts and can better withstand non-stop rotation. We know that China is a big country of production, and it is mainly responsible for the production. This situation can be seen in the factories in the coastal areas.

For a factory with a large production volume, the quality of the parts is directly related to the output of the production line and the service life of the machinery.

Then this high-strength carriage bolt can make the machine last longer because this point will also be welcomed by people.

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The quality of parts and components directly determines the quality of the produced products, which is the difference between the products produced by a large machine and those produced by a small workshop.

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If you want to compete with other companies for products, you must first ensure the quality of your own parts, and then you have the capital to compare.

The high-strength carriage bolts are also indispensable to society. Since we take advantage of production to compete with the international market, the quality and quantity of this product are very important.

And this high-strength carriage bolt can help machinery to produce better products, allowing manufacturers to save production costs and gain more room for devaluation to compete for customers.

Types of High-Strength Carriage Bolts

Now due to the different needs, there are different types of parts and components.

Then this high-strength carriage bolt is also divided into different models because of different needs because it is very important to install what kind of bolts are suitable for different occasions. Install different types of high-strength carriage bolts according to different needs.

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The market for carriage bolts and nuts for standard parts is highly competitive. But in addition to the standard carriage bolts, there are also non-standard carriage bolts, outer hexagonal carriage bolts, inner hexagonal carriage bolts, slender carriage bolts, oval carriage bolts, round head carriage bolts, full tooth carriage bolts, square neck bolts, and Countersunk head carriage bolts, etc. Here to see All You Need to Know About Threaded Fasteners.

These bolts also have a very serious product grade range. Of course, the manufacturer can also customize different forms of non-standard carriage bolts according to customer requirements.

For carriage bolts, high-strength carriage bolts are considered to be very advanced carriage bolts, because high-quality carriage bolts, high-quality galvanized carriage bolts, and high-strength carriage bolts are equivalent to three ordinary carriage bolts.

In short, no matter what type of high-strength carriage bolts, they all play the role of “small screws, big uses”.

Our company specializes in manufacturing fasteners, standard parts, bolts, nuts, and other high-quality Chinese fastener products, and is a professional and first-class fastener manufacturer in Shenzhen, China. Contact us to get your fastener quotation.

High-Strength Carriage Bolts – What You Need to Know2022-04-21T18:32:27+08:00

Bronze vs Copper | Key Differences

2022-04-20T18:32:28+08:00

Which is better, copper or bronze? This has been a question asked by many throughout history. Both have their own unique properties that make them appealing to different people.

Here we will explore the pros and cons of both metals to help you decide which is best for you.

Two similar alloys have many properties in common. But what sets them apart? Which one is better for your project? Let’s take a closer look at copper vs bronze to see which is the best choice for you.

Both are popular materials used in a wide range of applications. But what is the key what is the difference between copper and bronze? And which one is better suited for your needs? Keep reading to find out!

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What is Bronze?

Bronze is an alloy that is made up of a variety of different metals, including copper, tin, and zinc. It has a wide range of uses due to its strength and durability.

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Some of the most common bronze alloys are used in:

-Bearings

-Gears

-Pump impellers

-Valves

-Bushings

Because bronze is so strong, it is often used in applications where there is a lot of friction or wear and tear. For example, early steam engines used bronze pistons because they could withstand high temperatures and pressures better than other materials. Today, you can still find bronze being used in similar applications, such as in hydraulic systems.

How is Bronze Made?

Bronze is made by combining copper and tin, which are both found in nature. The exact proportions of these metals can vary, but the most common ratio is 90% copper to 10% tin.

Other metals, such as zinc, aluminum, or manganese, can also be added to create different types of bronze alloys. For example, adding zinc creates a brass-like alloy that is used in musical instruments and plumbing fixtures.

Once the desired mixture of metals is achieved, they are melted down and combined in a furnace. The molten metal is then poured into molds, where it will cool and solidify.

The molds come in various shapes and sizes, depending on what the bronze will be used for. For example, bearings are typically made with a cylindrical shape, while gears are usually cut into a more complex shape.

What are the Properties of Bronze?

Bronze is known for its strength and durability. It is also corrosion resistant and has a low friction coefficient, making it ideal for high-wear applications.

In addition to these properties, bronze also has excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. This makes it good for electrical applications, such as wiring or switchgear.

Another advantage of bronze is that it can be recycled without losing its properties. This makes it a sustainable option for many different projects.

Disadvantages of Bronze

Although bronze has many positive attributes, there are a few drawbacks to using this material.

First, bronze is usually an expensive option when compared to other metals. This is due to the high cost of copper and tin.

Second, bronze is not as strong as steel. This means that it is not suitable for applications where high levels of force are required, such as in construction.

Finally, bronze can be susceptible to corrosion if it is not properly cared for. This can cause the metal to weaken and break over time.

How to Care for Bronze

Proper care and maintenance are essential to keep bronze in good condition. The first step is to protect the metal from moisture and humidity, as these can cause it to corrode.

If the metal does become wet, it is important to dry it off as soon as possible.

In addition, bronze should be cleaned regularly to remove any dirt or debris that could cause corrosion. A mild soap and water solution can be used for this purpose.

Finally, it is important to regularly apply a coating of wax or oil to the metal. This will help to create a barrier against moisture and other corrosive elements.

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Types of bronze with its usage – Explained in Detail

There are different types of bronze alloys, each with its own specific properties and uses. The most common types of bronze are:

Bell metal bronze: This is a very hard type of bronze that is often used for making bells and other musical instruments. It has a high Tin content (around 22%), which gives it its characteristic ringing sound.

Phosphor bronze: This type of bronze contains around 0.5-11% phosphorous, which gives it excellent wear and corrosion resistance properties. It is often used in bearings, gears, and other moving parts subject to friction.

Alpha brasses: These are alloys that contain between 30-45% Zinc and have good ductility (malleability). They are commonly used in architecture and engineering for their aesthetic appeal.

Manganese bronze: This type of bronze contains around 5-12% Manganese, which gives it excellent strength and toughness. It is often used in maritime applications, such as propeller shafts and hull plating.

Aluminum bronze: As the name suggests, this type of bronze contains a high percentage of Aluminum (around 9-12%), which gives it excellent corrosion resistance properties. It is often used in marine environments and chemical plants.

Leaded bronze: This type of bronze contains around 0.5-2% lead, which makes it easier to machine and gives it good wear resistance properties. It is often used in bearings and bushings.

Tin bronze: This is the most common type of bronze, containing around 60-90% copper and 8-40% tin. It has a wide range of applications due to its good strength, ductility, and corrosion resistance properties.

Nickel bronze: This type of bronze contains around 10-30% nickel, which gives it excellent corrosion resistance, strength, and toughness. It is often used in marine environments, chemical plants, and other harsh environments.

Bronze is a strong, durable, and corrosion-resistant metal with a wide range of uses. It is made by combining copper and tin and can also contain other metals such as zinc or aluminum. Bronze is known for its excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, making it a good choice for electrical applications. Although bronze is an expensive option, it can be recycled without losing its properties. Proper care and maintenance are essential to keep bronze in good condition.

Interesting Things about Bronze

 Bronze vs Copper,difference between copper and bronze,bronze vs copper color,what is the difference between copper and bronze

  • Bronze is an alloy made up of copper and tin.
  • Bronze was used extensively for tools, weapons, and sculpture in the ancient world.
  • The first use of bronze is thought to have been in China around 3,000 BC.
  • The word “bronze” comes from the Greek word “bronze,” which means “copper.”
  • Bronze is harder than iron and less likely to rust.
  • Bronze is still used today to make statues and other artwork.
  • The Olympic medals are also made of bronze.
  • Bronze is used in musical instruments, such as cymbals and bells.
  • Bronze is also used in the manufacture of bearings.
  • The penny used to be made of bronze.
  • Bronze can also be polished to a high shine.
  • Some people believe that wearing bronze jewelry can bring good luck.

What is Copper?

Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange color. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware, and coins, and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement.

Copper is one of the few metals that can occur in nature in its native form, not needing to be extracted from an ore. This led to very early human use, from c. 8000 BC. Copper used in buildings, usually for roofing, oxidizes to form a green verdigris ( patina).

 Bronze vs Copper,difference between copper and bronze,bronze vs copper color,what is the difference between copper and bronze

There are 4 Main Types of Copper

1) Chalcopyrite: Chalcopyrite is the most important ore of copper. It has a chemical composition of CuFeS2 and is the most abundant sulfide mineral found in hydrothermal veins and metamorphic rocks. About 80% of the world’s reserves are in chalcopyrite.

2) Cuprite: Cuprite, or red copper ore, has a commercial value because it contains about 79% copper oxide. Cuprite occurs as a secondary mineral in oxidized zones of copper deposits.

3) Malachite: Malachite is a green carbonate mineral with the chemical composition Cu2CO3(OH)2. Malachite is often found in the weathered zone of copper deposits and is occasionally the gangue mineral in silver mines.

4) Azurite: Azurite is a deep blue carbonate mineral with the chemical composition Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2. Azurite is produced by the partial oxidation of copper sulfides and is often found in association with malachite.

Bronze vs Copper,difference between copper and bronze,bronze vs copper color,what is the difference between copper and bronze

Copper has been used for thousands of years, and it was first used as early as 10,000 BC. In addition to jewelry and other decorative uses, copper has been used for coins, tools, plumbing, and electrical wiring.

Copper is an excellent conductor of electricity and is used for electrical wiring in buildings and vehicles.

Copper is also used in the manufacturing of brass and bronze. Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, and bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. These alloys are used in a variety of applications, including plumbing fixtures, musical instruments, and bearings.

Copper can also be used as a fungicide. When sprayed on plants, it kills fungi that cause diseases such as powdery mildew and black spot.

Copper is a versatile metal that can be used for a variety of purposes. It is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity, making it ideal for use in electrical wiring and other applications where good conductivity is required. Copper is also highly corrosion-resistant, making it a good choice for use in plumbing and other environments where moisture or chemicals could cause other materials to degrade.

Bronze vs Copper,difference between copper and bronze,bronze vs copper color,what is the difference between copper and bronze

In addition to its practical uses, copper is also prized for its beauty. Many people enjoy the warm, reddish color of copper, and it can be used to create stunning jewelry and other decorative items.

If you’re interested in learning more about copper and all of its uses, read on for everything you need to know about this important metal.

Copper is a soft, malleable metal with a reddish-orange color. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and is also highly resistant to corrosion. Copper has been used for centuries in a variety of applications, from electrical wiring to plumbing to jewelry making.

Copper is mined all over the world, with the biggest producers being Chile, the United States, Australia, and Peru. The process of extracting copper from ore is called smelting and involves heating the ore to a high temperature in order to extract the metal.

Once extracted, copper can be used in a number of ways. It is often used as an electrical conductor due to its good conductivity properties. Copper is also frequently used in plumbing, as it is resistant to corrosion from water and other chemicals. Additionally, copper is often used in jewelry and other decorative items because of its distinctive color.

Properties of Copper

Copper is a soft metal with a reddish-orange color. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and is also highly resistant to corrosion.

Uses of Copper

Copper can be used in various ways, including electrical wiring, plumbing, jewelry-making, and as a decorative item.

How Copper is Mined

Copper is mined worldwide, with the biggest producers being Chile, the United States, Australia, and Peru. The process of extracting copper from ore is called smelting and involves heating the ore to a high temperature in order to extract the metal.

Copper is a versatile metal with many uses. It is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity, making it ideal for use in electrical wiring. Copper is also highly corrosion-resistant, making it a good choice for plumbing applications. Additionally, copper’s distinctive color makes it a popular choice for jewelry and other decorative items. Copper is mined all over the world, with the biggest producers being Chile, the United States, Australia, and Peru. The process of extracting copper from ore is called smelting and involves heating the ore to a high temperature in order to extract the metal.

Copper Alloys

Copper alloys are materials composed of copper and other elements. They have a wide range of properties, making them ideal for use in a variety of applications.

Some of the most common copper alloys include brass, bronze, and cupronickel. Each alloy has its own unique set of properties that make it suitable for different uses.

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. It is strong and durable, making it ideal for use in applications where these properties are desired. Brass is commonly used in plumbing fixtures, musical instruments, and hardware.

Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. It is known for its strength and resistance to wear, making it ideal for use in applications where these properties are desired. Bronze is commonly used in bearings, gears, and valves.

Cupronickel is an alloy of copper and nickel. It has a high resistance to corrosion, making it ideal for use in applications where this property is desired. Cupronickel is commonly used in coins, heat exchangers, and marine hardware.

15 Interesting Things about Copper

  1. Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity.
  2. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color.
  3. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins
  4. The metal and its alloys have been used for thousands of years. In the Roman era, copper was principally mined in Cyprus, hence the origin of the name of the metal as сyprium (metal of Cyprus), later shortened to сuprum. Its compounds were known to the ancients and were used to disinfect wounds and for other medicinal purposes.
  5. Copper is sometimes used in decorative art, in its elemental metal form, and in pigment compounds. Copper compounds are also used as bacteriostatic agents, fungicides, and wood preservatives
  6. Although copper is essential to many microorganisms, excess copper can be poisonous
  7. The main ore of copper is chalcopyrite (CuFeS2).
  8. Native copper occurs rarely as nuggets or grains in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits
  9. Most copper is extracted from the sulfides of copper, iron, and sometimes other metals. Such ores originate from sulfur-bearing volcanic magmas, which have separated into metal sulfides and siliceous melts or fluids.
  10. Copper smelting produces copious amounts of sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide gases. For this reason, copper smelting takes place in special smelters called acid plants where the SO2 can be captured for further processing to make sulfuric acid
  11. The slag from the second stage often contains enough iron to be used as feedstock for an electric arc furnace
  12. Refining copper with an oxygen flash furnace leaves behind impurities that are tapped off, or “skimmed”, containing between 0.5 and 2% of the original copper content
  13. One of the advantages of using oxygen in the refining process is that it greatly reduces the amount of energy required to achieve the desired level of purity
  14. The anodes used in the electrolytic refining process are often made from impure copper and must be replaced periodically as they dissolve in the electrolyte
  15. Copper is a popular choice for electrical wiring in buildings because it does not easily corrode and is a very good conductor of electricity. It is also used in many other applications, such as plumbing and roofing.

29 Differences Between Copper and Bronze

  1. Composition:

Copper is a pure metal, while bronze is an alloy of copper and other metals (usually tin, but sometimes aluminum or nickel). The addition of other metals to copper increases the strength and hardness of the resulting alloy, but it also decreases its electrical and thermal conductivity.

The different compositions of copper and bronze give the two metals distinct advantages and disadvantages. For example, pure copper is much more ductile (able to be deformed without breaking) than bronze, so it is often used for electrical applications where its malleability is an asset. However, bronze is stronger and harder than copper, so it is often used for bearing applications where these properties are advantageous.

  1. Properties:

Copper is usually softer and more ductile than bronze. Bronze is harder and stronger than copper.

  1. Uses:

Copper is used in electrical wiring and plumbing. Bronze is used in bearings, gears, and sculptures.

  1. Color:

Copper is red-orange in color, while bronze can be any color from golden to brownish-black.

  1. Luster:

Copper has a bright, metallic luster, while bronze has a duller luster.

  1. Malleability:

Copper is more malleable than bronze. Bronze is less malleable than copper. This means that it can be hammered or pressed into thin sheets without breaking.

  1. Ductility:

Copper is more ductile than bronze. Bronze is less ductile than copper.

  1. Hardness:

Copper is softer than bronze. Bronze is harder than copper.

  1. Strength:

Copper is weaker than bronze. Bronze is stronger than copper.

  1. Electrical conductivity:

Copper is a better conductor of electricity than bronze. Bronze is a poorer conductor of electricity than copper.

  1. Thermal conductivity:

Copper is a better conductor of heat than bronze. Bronze is a poorer conductor of heat than copper.

  1. Corrosion resistance:

Copper is more resistant to corrosion than bronze. Bronze is less resistant to corrosion than copper.

  1. Cost:

Copper is more expensive than bronze. Bronze is less expensive than copper.

  1. Alloys:

Copper can be alloyed with other metals, while bronze is an alloy of copper and tin (and sometimes aluminum or nickel).

  1. Melting point:

Copper has a higher melting point than bronze. Bronze has a lower melting point than copper.

  1. Boiling point:

Copper has a higher boiling point than bronze. Bronze has a lower boiling point than copper.

  1. Density:

Copper is denser than bronze. Bronze is less dense than copper.

  1. Malleability:

Copper is more malleable than bronze. Bronze is less malleable than copper.

  1. Ductility:

Copper is more ductile than bronze. Bronze is less ductile than copper.

  1. Hardness:

Copper is softer than bronze. Bronze is harder than copper.

  1. Strength:

Copper is weaker than bronze. Bronze is stronger than copper.

  1. Electrical conductivity:

Copper is a better conductor of electricity than bronze. Bronze is a poorer conductor of electricity than copper.

  1. Thermal conductivity:

Copper is a better conductor of heat than bronze. Bronze is a poorer conductor of heat than copper.

  1. Corrosion resistance:

Copper is more resistant to corrosion than bronze. Bronze is less resistant to corrosion than copper.

  1. Cost:

Copper is more expensive than bronze. Bronze is less expensive than copper.

  1. Alloys:

Copper can be alloyed with other metals, while bronze is an alloy of copper and tin (and sometimes aluminum or nickel).

  1. Melting point:

Copper has a higher melting point than bronze. Bronze has a lower melting point than copper.

  1. Boiling point:

Copper has a higher boiling point than bronze. Bronze has a lower boiling point than copper.

  1. Density:

Copper is denser than bronze. Bronze is less dense than copper 30. Uses:

Copper is used in electrical wiring and plumbing. Bronze is used in bearings, gears, and sculptures.

Copper vs. Bronze – Advantages and Disadvantages

Copper and bronze are both popular materials used in a variety of applications. They have many similarities, but there are also several key differences between the two. Keep reading to learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of copper vs. bronze.

Advantages of Copper:

-Copper is a very ductile metal, meaning it can be easily formed into shapes.

-It is also a very conductive metal, making it ideal for electrical applications.

-Copper is resistant to corrosion, so it can be used in damp or wet environments without fear of rusting.

Disadvantages of Copper:

-Copper is a relatively expensive metal.

-It is not as strong as some other metals, so it is not ideal for applications where strength is a key consideration.

Advantages of Bronze:

-Bronze is stronger than copper, making it better suited for applications that require strength.

-It is also more resistant to wear and tear, so it can be used in high-use applications.

-Bronze has a lower melting point than copper, so it can be easily cast into shapes.

Disadvantages of Bronze:

-Bronze is not as conductive as copper, so it is not ideal for electrical applications.

-It is also more susceptible to corrosion than copper, so it may need to be coated or treated to prevent rusting.

-Bronze is a relatively expensive metal.

Bronze vs. Copper – Key Takeaways

  1. Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, while copper is a pure element.
  2. Bronze is harder than copper, but both metals are quite soft.
  3. Copper is a better conductor of electricity than bronze.
  4. Bronze is more corrosion-resistant than copper.
  5. Both metals can be used for decoration and have a range of applications in the industry.

Copper vs. Bronze – Which one is Better?

Copper and bronze are both widely used materials that offer a variety of advantages and disadvantages. When choosing between the two, it is important to consider the most important properties of the application. For example, copper would be better if electrical conductivity is a key concern. If strength and resistance to wear are more important, then bronze might be a better option. Ultimately, the best material for any given application depends on the specific requirements.

Conclusion

Copper and bronze are both popular materials with a variety of advantages and disadvantages. When choosing between the two, it is important to consider the most important properties of the application. Ultimately, the best material for any given application depends on the specific requirements.

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Bronze vs Copper | Key Differences2022-04-20T18:32:28+08:00

Concentricity | How to Measure Concentricity -Everything You Need to Know

2022-04-15T10:00:24+08:00

Concentricity is an important factor in the manufacturing process and quality control of cylindrical parts. It measures how closely the central axis of a cylinder or other round object corresponds to its geometric center. In other words, concentricity measures how well-centered an object is.

What is Concentricity, How to Measure Concentricity

There are a number of reasons why concentricity is important.

  • First, when two or more cylindrical parts are assembled together, they need to be properly aligned in order for the assembly to function correctly. If the parts are not concentric with each other, it can cause problems such as misalignment, binding, or even breakage.
  • Second, even if two parts are properly aligned, if they are not concentric, it can cause problems with the finished product. For example, if two parts are not concentric when welded together, the weld joint will be weaker and more likely to fail.
  • Third, concentricity is also important for aesthetic reasons. Aesthetics are important in many industries, such as the automotive industry, where a vehicle’s appearance is very important to consumers. If parts are not concentric, it can make a vehicle look unappealing, leading to lost sales.

Benefits of Concentricity

Concentricity is an important mechanical property that affects the performance of many components and products. It measures how well the different parts of a cylindrical object are aligned with each other and is usually expressed as a percentage. The higher the concentricity, the better aligned the different parts are.

What is Concentricity, How to Measure Concentricity

There are numerous benefits to having high concentricity in components and products. For example, it can reduce wear and tear, improve dimensional stability, and increase strength and stiffness. In addition, it can improve the appearance of a product by making it more symmetrical.

Improving concentricity can be challenging, but several methods can be used to achieve it. Some common methods include jigs and fixtures, special tooling, and advanced machining techniques. In addition, computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be used to improve the concentricity of a component or product.

It is important to note that not all products need perfect concentricity. In many cases, it is sufficient to have tolerances within an acceptable range. This will depend on the application of the product and the required level of performance.

Some applications that benefit from high concentricity include:

  • Pipe fittings
  • Hose couplings
  • Electrical connectors
  • Gear shafts
  • Bushing sleeves

Many other applications can benefit from improved concentricity, so it is important to consult with an engineer or designer to determine if it is necessary for a particular application.

Concentricity is an important mechanical property that can affect the performance of many components and products. It measures how well the different parts of a cylindrical object are aligned with each other and is usually expressed as a percentage.

How to Measure Concentricity

The runout method is the most common way to measure concentricity. It involves measuring how different parts of a cylindrical object deviate from a reference line. It is important to use precision measurement tools and follow proper procedures to ensure accurate results.

Risks of Not Measuring Concentricity

If concentricity is not measured during the design and manufacturing process, it can lead to several problems. For example, misaligned parts can cause increased wear and tear, premature failure, and reduced performance. In addition, it can make products difficult to assemble or use and can cause aesthetic issues.

It is important to measure concentricity during the design and manufacturing process to avoid these problems. This will ensure that components and products meet the required tolerances and perform as intended. There are many different ways to measure concentricity, so it is important to consult with an engineer or designer to determine the best method for a particular application.

How to Improve Concentricity?

Several methods can be used to improve concentricity. Some common methods include jigs and fixtures, special tooling, and advanced machining techniques. In addition, computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be used to improve the concentricity of a component or product.

It is important to note that not all products need perfect concentricity. In many cases, it is sufficient to have tolerances within an acceptable range. This will depend on the application of the product and the required level of performance.

If you are interested in learning more about concentricity and how it affects the manufacturing process, several resources are available online and in print. Several software programs can help with the measurement and analysis of concentricity.

If you are having problems with the concentricity of your parts, it is important to take action and correct the issue as soon as possible. Doing so can save you time and money in the long run.

  1. Concentricity is an important factor in the manufacturing process and quality control of cylindrical parts.
  2. It measures how closely the central axis or other round object corresponds to its geometric center.
  3. In other words, concentricity is a measure of how well-centered an object is.

Why is Concentricity Important?

First, when two or more cylindrical parts are assembled, they need to be properly aligned for the assembly to function correctly.

If the parts are not concentric with each other, it can cause problems such as misalignment, binding, or even breakage.

Second, even if two parts are properly aligned, if they are not concentric, it can cause problems with the finished product.

For example, if two parts are not concentric when welded together, the weld joint will be weaker and more likely to fail.

Third, concentricity is also important for aesthetic reasons. Aesthetics are important in many industries, such as the automotive, where a vehicle’s appearance is significant to consumers. If parts are not concentric, it can make a vehicle look unappealing, leading to lost sales.

Conclusion

No matter what industry you’re in, it’s important to be aware of concentricity’s role in manufacturing.

If you are having problems with the concentricity of your parts, take action and correct the issue as soon as possible. Doing so can save you time and money in the long run.

Thank you for reading.

I hope this article has helped you better understand concentricity and its effect on the manufacturing process. If you have any further questions, please feel free to contact me. 

Industry News

Concentricity | How to Measure Concentricity -Everything You Need to Know2022-04-15T10:00:24+08:00
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